Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Vulnerable

Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus)


Taxonomy

French: Aigle martial German: Kampfadler Spanish: Águila marcial
Taxonomy:

Falco bellicosus

Daudin

, 1800,

Great Namaqualand, South Africa

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Senegambia E through W & C Africa to Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia, and S to South Africa.

Descriptive notes

78–96 cm; 3010–6200 g; wingspan 188–227 cm. Along with Stephanoaetus coronatus, one of the two largest eagles in Africa. Large head and long, broad... read more

Voice

Generally silent, except during breeding season. Main call is a low, mellow-sounding, plaintive... read more

Habitat

Prefers sparse woodlands and woodland edges and other open habitats such as deserts, steppes,... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly vertebrates weighing 1–5 kg, with large birds (e.g. gamebirds and waterfowl), monitor lizards, or mammals (e.g. hares, hyraxes... read more

Breeding

Highly variable nesting season, from Nov–Apr in Senegal, Jan–Jun in Sudan, any month in E Africa (especially Apr–Nov),... read more

Movements

Juveniles may move widely during dispersal periods; no known movements of adults outside normal... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Widespread and common in E and S Africa, less so in W Africa, but populations apparently in rapid decline due to poisoning, shooting, habitat loss,... read more

Recommended citation

Kemp, A.C., Boesman, P. & Marks, J.S. (2018). Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53171 on 19 December 2018).