Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Vulnerable

Martinique Oriole (Icterus bonana)


Taxonomy

French: Oriole de Martinique German: Braunkopftrupial Spanish: Turpial de Martinica
Taxonomy:

O[riolus]. Bonana

Linnaeus

, 1766,

Martinique

.

Genetic data indicate this species is sister to both I. portoricensis and I. oberi#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Martinique, in C Lesser Antilles.

Descriptive notes

18–21 cm; one bird 29 g. Male has head to nape and most of breast dark chestnut to orange-chestnut, mantle, upper back, upperwing and tail blackish; lower back and rump... read more

Voice

Song, infrequently recorded, consists of soft warbles. Call a harsh, scolding “cheeu”.

Habitat

Mangroves, dry forest on limestone soils, also humid forest, plantations and towns; seems to prefer... read more

Food and feeding

Insects and other arthropods; fruits, nectar. Animal items include caterpillars, ants (Formicidae) and stick-insects (Phasmida); feeds on... read more

Breeding

Season Dec–Jul, mostly from Feb. Presumably monogamous. Nest a shallow pendent basket woven from strong fibres, often palm fibres, usually... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Lesser Antilles EBA. Common. Estimated total population at least 10,000 individuals; density 2·4 birds/ha in C... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2018). Martinique Oriole (Icterus bonana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62271 on 23 September 2018).