French: Hirondelle des Mascareignes German: Maskarenenschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina de las Mascareñas
J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
"Franciae insula" = Mauritius.
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
P. b. madagascariensis
Hartlaub, 1860 – Madagascar, possibly also Pemba I (off E Tanzania); migrates to E Africa.
P. b. borbonica#R
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – Mauritius and Reunion I.
15 cm; 18–24 g. Nominate race has crown and upperparts grey-brown with fine dark streaks; wings and tail dark brown, tail with shallow fork, tertials with pale edges... read more
Song is a warbling “siri-liri siri-liri”; calls include a “chip” contact... read more
Open and semi-open country. On Mauritius and Reunion, feeds over reservoirs, woodland and thickets... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes beetles (Coleoptera) and Hymenoptera. Forages singly or in small groups with other swallows and swifts (Apodidae), close to... read more
Aug–Nov in Madagascar, Sept–Dec on Mauritius and Reunion. In groups of c. 3–20 pairs. Nest an open cup of twigs and other... read more
Resident with post-breeding dispersal on Mauritius and Reunion (nominate race); absent from... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common but somewhat local in Madagascar; no recent data on population size, but in mid-20th century large numbers (“hundreds”) recorded in non-... read more
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