Family Trogons (Trogonidae)

Least Concern

Masked Trogon (Trogon personatus)


French: Trogon masqué German: Maskentrogon Spanish: Trogón enmascarado

Trogon personata


, 1842,

Choachí (1996 m), Colombia


Possibly closest to T. curucui, T. rufus, T. elegans (with T. ambiguus), T. mexicanus and T. collaris; DNA studies suggest that present species is sister to T. collaris. Race temperatus, altitudinally segregated, may warrant treatment as a separate species, but neighbouring populations in S Colombia and N Ecuador perhaps intermediate in plumage characters between assimilis and temperatus, suggesting intergradation; nevertheless, vocal differences exist, song of temperatus being faster than that of lower-elevation birds#R. Nine subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. p. temperatus (Chapman, 1923) – Highland Trogon – humid temperate zone of C & E Andes of Colombia and Ecuador.
  • T. p. sanctaemartae J. T. Zimmer, 1948 – N Colombia (Santa Marta massif).
  • T. p. personatus Gould, 1842 – Masked Trogon – subtropical montane zones of N Colombia and W Venezuela, and C & E Andes of Colombia S to E Peru.
  • T. p. assimilis Gould, 1846 – W Andes of Colombia, W Ecuador and NW Peru.
  • T. p. duidae Chapman, 1929 – SC Venezuela (tepuis of Amazonas and NW Bolívar).
  • T. p. ptaritepui J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1946 – SE Bolívar on Ptaritepui and other tepuis.
  • T. p. roraimae (Chapman, 1929) – SE Bolívar on various cerros, and Roraima part of SW Guyana and extreme N Brazil.
  • T. p. heliothrix Tschudi, 1844 – temperate zone of N & C Peru (E slope).
  • T. p. submontanus Todd, 1943 – Andes of SE Peru (Puno) and Bolivia (including Chuquisaca).
  • Descriptive notes

    25 cm; 64 g. Male nominate race with bill yellow, orbital ring orange-red; face and throat blackish; crown to upperparts and lower throat to mid-breast blue-green; red below... read more


    Song a soft steady series of 4–8 “kwa” notes, pitch somewhat higher than T.... read more


    Subcanopy and sapling undergrowth of humid and wet forest, mossy forest and cloudforest, forest... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruits of various Clusiaceae and Piperaceae, and insects, all taken in flight. Recorded following mixed-species flocks in Ecuador.


    Birds in breeding condition in Apr–Aug in Colombia. Nest in hole carved into half-rotten wood, in one case 3 m from ground. Eggs 2.... read more


    None reported, but some vertical displacements seem likely to occur.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common. In Colombia recorded in Cueva de los Guácharos, Munchique, Los Nevados and Las Orquídeas National Parks, and common in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. (2019). Masked Trogon (Trogon personatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 November 2019).