Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Masked Yellowthroat (Geothlypis aequinoctialis)


French: Paruline équatoriale German: Maskengelbkehlchen Spanish: Mascarita equinoccial

Motacilla aequinoctialis

J. F. Gmelin

, 1789,

French Guiana


Usually considered conspecific with G. chiriquensis and G. auricularis. Race velata has been proposed for species rank, but morphological differences slight and vocal differences, although present, not strong#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. a. aequinoctialis (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – Masked Yellowthroat – N Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas S to N Amazonian Brazil; also Trinidad.
  • G. a. velata (Vieillot, 1809) – Southern Yellowthroat – SE Peru, N Bolivia and extreme S Amazonian Brazil S to NE Argentina and Uruguay.
  • Descriptive notes

    13–14·3 cm; 11–16·7 g. Male nominate race has grey forehead and forecrown, black mask from side of lower forehead back through and below eye to upper side of neck; rear crown... read more


    Song of nominate similar to that of G. auricularis but sweeter and distinctly more warbled... read more


    Found in variety of damp habitats, including damp grassland, marshes, seasonally flooded savanna,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on insects and other invertebrates; recorded stomach contents of two individuals in SE Brazil included Hemiptera, Coleoptera,... read more


    Season of nominate race appears to be quite protracted, with birds in breeding condition in Jan–May and Aug in Colombia, and in Feb, May,... read more


    Mostly sedentary, e.g. a bird trapped in S Brazil Apr 1972 was retrapped in the same territory in... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common throughout range. No population estimates available; local increases as a result of deforestation can be expected to... read more

    Recommended citation

    Curson, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Masked Yellowthroat (Geothlypis aequinoctialis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 July 2019).