Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)

Maui Akepa (Loxops ochraceus)


French: Loxopse de Maui German: Maui-Akepakleidervogel Spanish: Akepa de Maui

Loxops ochracea


, 1893,



Long considered conspecific with L. coccineus and †L. wolstenholmei, but recent DNA study#R revealed genetic distances among the three to be equivalent to that between them and sister-species L. caeruleirostris; this, coupled with colour and apparent nesting differences, supports treatment as separate species. Monotypic.


E Maui, in Hawaiian Is. Possibly extinct (last recorded in 1988)#R.

Descriptive notes

10 cm. Small honeycreeper with conical bill, mandibles crossed at tip. Male yellow morph is bright mustard-yellow, except for dark brown primaries, secondaries, wing-coverts... read more


Little information; said to be similar to that of L. coccineus.


Ohia rainforest, ohia-koa (Metrosideros polymorpha-Acacia koa) rainforest, and... read more

Food and feeding

Diet arthropods, mostly caterpillars and small spiders (Araneae) taken from leaf buds of ohia and koa leaves bound together with spider or... read more


Little information (all from 1903). A probable aerial display like that of L. coccineus observed. One pair seen while building... read more



Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (POSSIBLY EXTINCT). Probably Extinct. Restricted-range species: present in Central Hawaiian Islands EBA. All 62 specimens in world collections taken... read more

Recommended citation

Pratt, D. (2020). Maui Akepa (Loxops ochraceus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).