Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Least Concern

Mayotte Scops-owl (Otus mayottensis)


French: Petit-duc de Mayotte German: Mayotte-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de la Mayotte

Otus rutilus mayottensis


, 1960,

La Convalescence, Mayotte, Comoro Islands


Until recently was considered conspecific with O. rutilus, but differs on account of its song (slow sequence of longer, deeper calls vs rapid sequence of brief calls) (3); larger size, with no overlap in wing, bill or tarsus (effect size for tarsus 5.13, score 3); darker underparts and tarsal feathering (at least 1); more prominently streaked and barred throat (at least 1); reduced dark rim of facial disc (ns[1]); much darker background colour overall (ns[1]); less prominent streaking on mantle (ns[1]); and relatively short, less strongly barred tail (ns[1])#R#R.


Maore (Mayotte), in Comoro Is.

Descriptive notes

c. 24 cm; c. 120 g. Medium-sized Otus with greyish-brown plumage; facial disc dark greyish-brown with inconspicuous dark border; throat buffy-brown with brown... read more


Song a sequence of 3–10 (typically 3–5) medium-low hoots “poo poo poo poo,... read more


Uses a variety of woodlands, typically with some large trees, and including native primary and... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Apparently largely insectivorous. Stomach contents of eight individuals included true bugs, cicadas, beetles and... read more


Almost no information. Eight specimens taken from Oct–Nov “showed signs of sexual activity”. Probably nests in tree... read more


Probably resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Restricted to Mayotte I within Comoro Islands EBA, but fairly common in variety of forested habitats, including second-... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Mayotte Scops-owl (Otus mayottensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).