Family Pipits and Wagtails (Motacillidae)

Near Threatened

Meadow Pipit (Anthus pratensis)


French: Pipit farlouse German: Wiesenpieper Spanish: Bisbita pratense

Alauda pratensis


, 1758,



Proposed races enigmaticus (described from Tashkent), whistleri (N Scotland) and theresae (W Ireland) all synonymized with nominate. Monotypic.


SE Greenland, Iceland, and from N, NW & C Europe E to W Siberia, S to S France and C Romania; has bred Italy (Apennines); isolated population in Caucasus (border mountains of Georgia and Armenia). Winters S to N Africa, Middle East and SW Asia.

Descriptive notes

14·5–15 cm; unsexed 14·5–22 g, male mean 18·6 g, female mean 19·5 g. Small streaked pipit with rounded wings and slender bil1. Has... read more


Aerial song a series of several segments, each comprising a number of uniform notes such as “... read more


Breeds in wide variety of open habitats, such as tundra, moorland and heathland, bogs, saltmarshes... read more

Food and feeding

Small invertebrates less than 5 mm long; also seeds. Wide range of invertebrates recorded, including, among others, springtails (Collembola... read more


Season late Mar–Aug, later at high altitudes; double-brooded in C & W Europe (rarely in N), occasionally three broods. Monogamous... read more


In W Europe mainly resident or partial migrant; many undertake local altitudinal movements,... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Extremely large range of over 5 million km2. Generally common to locally very common, especially in N of range... read more

Recommended citation

Tyler, S. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Meadow Pipit (Anthus pratensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).