Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Least Concern

Melanesian Flycatcher (Myiagra caledonica)


French: Monarque mélanésien German: Pazifikmonarch Spanish: Monarca melanesio

Myiagra caledonica


, 1857,

New Caledonia


Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. c. occidentalis Mayr, 1931 – Rennell, in SE Solomon Is.
  • M. c. marinae Salomonsen, 1934 – from Torres Is S to Éfaté, in N & C Vanuatu.
  • M. c. melanura G. R. Gray, 1860 – Erromango, Tanna and Aneityum, in S Vanuatu, and Maré, in Loyalty Is.
  • M. c. viridinitens G. R. Gray, 1859 – Ouvéa and Lifou, in Loyalty Is.
  • M. c. caledonica Bonaparte, 1857 – Grande Terre, in New Caledonia.
  • Descriptive notes

    13–14 cm; 10–12 g. Small myiagra with small erectile crest and broad flat bill typical of genus. Male nominate race has head to upper breast, upperparts and tail... read more


    Song a loud, ringing, musical repeated “pseeoo psseeoo whit”, which becomes higher-... read more


    Native forest, open woodland, secondary growth, plantations and mangroves; sea-level to 1100 m, but... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insectivorous. Forages by flycatching from forest edge or darting among leaves in lower middle to upper stratum. Has usual habit of... read more


    Nests Aug–Feb. Nest built by both sexes, a cup of fibres garnished with lichen, and sited 2–10 m from ground in fork. Clutch 2... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Rennell and Bellona EBA, Vanuatu and Temotu EBA and New Caledonia EBA. Quite common in New Caledonia and... read more

    Recommended citation

    Gregory, P. (2017). Melanesian Flycatcher (Myiagra caledonica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 November 2017).