Family Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)


Meller's Duck (Anas melleri)


French: Canard de Meller German: Madagaskarente Spanish: Ánade malgache

Anas melleri

P. L. Sclater

, 1865,



Traditionally thought to be closest to A. undulata, A. platyrhynchos and A. rubripes. Clearly derived from A. platyrhynchos, but apparently more distantly related than other isolated descendants of that species. Has been linked to A. undulata, the two constituting the infragenus Afranus#R. Monotypic.


E region and High Plateau of Madagascar.

Introduced to Mauritius, but probably now extinct there.

Descriptive notes

63–68 cm; male 883–1240 g, female 831·5–1140 g. The only large Anas in Madagascar. Reminiscent of female A. platyrhynchos (largely... read more


Typical calls of A. platyrhynchos complex, although female has higher-pitched “quack” note... read more


Breeds on inland freshwater lakes, pools and marshes in swampy forest country, generally from sea-... read more

Food and feeding

Not well known, but habits presumably not very different from those of A. platyrhynchos; seeds and other parts of aquatic plants (... read more


Extended season, overall nesting has been recorded Jul–Apr, probably determined by local rainfall, e.g. Nov–Jan at L Alaotra.... read more


Presumably sedentary; some records in NW of island where normally does not occur perhaps reflect... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Listed as Near Threatened in mid 1990s. BirdLife International currently estimates the declining population at 1300–3300 mature individuals, and... read more

Recommended citation

Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Meller's Duck (Anas melleri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 3 April 2020).