Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Near Threatened

Mentawai Scops-owl (Otus mentawi)


French: Petit-duc des Mentawai German: Mentawi-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de las Mentawai

Otus bakkamœna mentawi

Chasen and Kloss

, 1926,

Sipora Island, Sumatra


Traditionally considered to belong to species-group centred on O. bakkamoena (which see). Has sometimes been treated as conspecific with O. bakkamoena, O. lempiji, O. sunia or O. manadensis, but vocalizations distinct. Monotypic.


Mentawai Is (Siberut to South Pagai), off W Sumatra.

Descriptive notes

22 cm. Medium-sized scops-owl. Occurs in rufous-chestnut and blackish-brown morphs. Prominent ear-tufts and eyebrows whitish with dark mottling; upperparts blackish brown... read more


Male gives series of “po-po” calls, sometimes tripled, ending in descending sequence of... read more


Lowland rainforest and secondary growth; swamp forest near coasts; sometimes near settlements,... read more

Food and feeding

Apparently insects including a grasshopper or katydid. Hunts from exposed perches in forest openings, cultivated land and scrub;... read more


Nest undescribed. Two juveniles observed on Siberut in mid May, suggesting that incubation was in Mar and chicks were in the nest in Apr. read more


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. The only bird species endemic to the Mentawai Is. Status poorly known; appears to be rare and rather... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Mentawai Scops-owl (Otus mentawi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).