Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Near Threatened

Mexican Parrotlet (Forpus cyanopygius)


French: Toui du Mexique German: Blaubürzel-Sperlingspapagei Spanish: Cotorrita mexicana

Psittacula cyanopygia


, 1856,

north-western Mexico


Possible race pallidus likely to be indistinct from nominate or representing N end of cline. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • F. c. cyanopygius (Souancé, 1856) – W Mexico (SE Sonora S to Colima).
  • F. c. insularis (Ridgway, 1888) – Tres Marías Is, off W Mexico.
  • Descriptive notes

    13–14 cm; 30–37 g. Green above with turquoise-blue lower back, rump, secondary-coverts, outer secondaries and underwing-coverts; paler, grass-green on face and... read more


    Call is a screechy or reedy “kree” or “kreeit”, given both in flight and perched. Groups in flight... read more


    Tropical semi-deciduous to deciduous forest, riparian woodland, plantations, secondary forest, from... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruits including small Ficus, berries and grass seeds, taken from ground.


    Jun–Jul on Tres Marías Is, perhaps later than on mainland. Nest presumably in tree cavity but apparently still unrecorded.... read more


    Some seasonal wandering seems to occur, notably in the southernmost part of its range.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in North-west Mexican Pacific Slope EBA. Previously considered to... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Mexican Parrotlet (Forpus cyanopygius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).