Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Near Threatened

Mexican Sheartail (Doricha eliza)


French: Colibri d’Eliza German: Rosenkehl-Sternkolibri Spanish: Colibrí de Elisa

Trochilus eliza

Lesson and DeLattre

, 1839,

between Veracruz and Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico


The two populations of present species differ in some plumage characters, but otherwise morphological differences apparently very slight#R. Monotypic.


SE Mexico: C Veracruz, and N coast of Yucatán Peninsula (E to Holbox I).

Descriptive notes

Male 9·5–10 cm (including moderately long tail), female 8·5–9 cm; 2·4–2·6 g. Male has long, moderately decurved black bill;... read more


During courtship display-flight, male utters a dry chattering at bottom of the courtship dive and... read more


Mangrove edge, arid scrub and parklands. Yucatán population found principally in arid scrub... read more

Food and feeding

Observed feeding, presumably on nectar, at terrestrial Ipomoea and Justicia; also at Helicteres guazumaefolia,... read more


Breeding condition in May, and nest with small chicks in early Aug, in Veracruz; nesting in Aug–Apr, in Yucatán, with recently... read more


Only movements noted were apparently local.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Yucatán Peninsula Coastal Scrub EBA. Veracruz... read more

Recommended citation

Peterson, A.T., de Juana, E., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Mexican Sheartail (Doricha eliza). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 June 2019).