Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)


Mexican Woodnymph (Thalurania ridgwayi)


French: Dryade du Mexique German: Mexikonymphe Spanish: Zafiro mexicano

Thalurania ridgwayi


, 1900,

San Sebastian, Jalisco, Mexico


Closely related to T. colombica and T. furcata; species limits unclear, and all three have been considered conspecific. Alternatively, blue-crowned present species often considered a race of purple-crowned T. colombica when this separated from fannyae group. Monotypic.


Pacific slope of Mexico in S Nayarit, Jalisco and Colima.

Descriptive notes

9–10 cm; male 3·5–4·2 g, female c. 3·5 g. Male has straight black bill; forehead iridescent violet-blue, hindcrown bluish-green, rest of... read more


Only known vocalization an irregularly repeated liquid note “tsip”, often in short fast series of 2... read more


Humid forest, canyons and foothills at 250–1200 m; exact habitat requirements are still... read more

Food and feeding

No specific food plants have been recorded, but presumably feeds on nectar of flowering Rubiaceae, Zingiberaceae and epiphytes (bromeliads... read more


Birds in breeding condition collected Feb–Mar. No further information.



Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in North-west Mexican Slope EBA. Rare to locally common. Frequently recorded at Puerto Los Mazos, on lower slope of... read more

Recommended citation

Peterson, A.T. & Boesman, P. (2020). Mexican Woodnymph (Thalurania ridgwayi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).