Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Near Threatened

Minahasa Shortwing (Heinrichia simplex)


French: Brachyptère de Minahassa German: Minahasakurzflügel Spanish: Alicorto minahasa

Heinrichia calligyna simplex


, 1931,

Matinang Mountains, Ile-Ile, 1700 m, north Sulawesi


Hitherto treated as conspecific with H. calligyna, but differs from H. c. calligyna in its smaller size (effect size for male wing, but n=4 for nominate, 1.54, score 1); and (in female) dull mid-brown vs dull greyish-blue upperparts (3); dull mid-brown vs strong rufous throat (2); dull mid-grey-brown vs bluish-slate-grey breast (3); and larger white loral spot (ns[1]); and it differs from H. c. picta in its smaller size (effect size for male wing 2.15, score 2); and (in female) dull mid-brown vs dull greyish-blue upperparts (3); dull mid-brown/mid-grey-brown vs strong rufous throat and breast (3); and larger white loral spot (1). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

N Sulawesi (Tentolo-Matinan Mts).

Descriptive notes

17 cm. Male is entirely dark blue except black lores, and dark brown wing feathers with dark blue edges and tips; iris deep red; bill blackish; legs grey. Female is generally... read more


Song, sometimes repeated continually for up to 50 seconds, usually from moss-covered log (... read more


Dense, impenetrable undergrowth, notably rocky gulleys and overgrown streamsides in mossy valleys,... read more

Food and feeding

No information on diet; presumably small invertebrates. Strictly terrestrial; forages in leaf litter, and around stones and clumps of moss... read more


No information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Sulawesi EBA. Poorly known; very locally common. Possibly more numerous,... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Minahasa Shortwing (Heinrichia simplex). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).