Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Mindanao Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba crinigera)


French: Gallicolombe de Bartlett German: Brandtaube Spanish: Paloma apuñalada de Mindanao
Other common names: Bartlett’s Bleeding-heart

Pampusanna criniger


, 1853,

Sulu Islands; error = Mindanao, south-east Philippines


A member of the bleeding-heart group of related species, with G. luzonica, G. platenae, G. keayi and G. menagei, which are sometimes isolated in a subgenus Gallicolumba along with G. rufigula. Recent phylogenetic study strongly supports monophyly of the Philippine group of bleeding-hearts#R, all of which have been considered conspecific by some authorities. The form leytensis is distinctive, differing from nominate crinigera in having white confined to the throat, not extending down either side of the rusty breast-spot (2); solid grey breast sides covering each side of and extending well under the “heart” (2); and a shorter tail (effect size –1.58) (1); thus, evidence of vocal differences would probably establish this as a separate species. Proposed race basilanica is a synonym of bartletti, and bartletti itself is probably invalid; nomenclature unstable owing to uncertain provenance and identity of the type specimen#R. Three subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. c. leytensis (E. J. O. Hartert, 1918) – Leyte Bleeding-heart – Samar, Leyte and Bohol (CE Philippines).
  • G. c. crinigera (Pucheran, 1853) – Mindanao Bleeding-heart – Mindanao and Dinagat (SE Philippines).
  • G. c. bartletti (P. L. Sclater, 1864) – Basilan (SE Philippines).
  • Descriptive notes

    26.5–29 cm; 181–204 g. General appearance similar to G. luzonica, except as follows: iridescence on head, neck and mantle predominantly bronzy green... read more


    Advertising call a repeated single hoot of c. 0·5 seconds’ duration, which slightly rises in pitch... read more


    Primary and secondary forest, at 100–600 m on Samar.

    Food and feeding

    No information available on diet, but presumably similar to that of G. luzonica. Feeds on the forest floor.


    Display was observed on Bohol in early May; on Samar, birds with enlarged gonads taken in Apr–May. A nest found in Samar in mid-May... read more


    No information. Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. A rare species with a global population estimated at 1500–4000 individuals. Although there are records from some 35 localities, since 1980 it has only been... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Christie, D.A., Kirwan, G.M., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Mindanao Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba crinigera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).