Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Near Threatened

Mindanao Highland Scops-owl (Otus mirus)


French: Petit-duc de Mindanao German: Mindanao-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de Mindanao

Otus scops mirus

Ripley and Rabor

, 1968,

Hilong Hilong Peak, Agusan Province, Mindanao, Philippines


Probably closest to O. longicornis. Formerly treated as race of either O. scops or O. sunia, but differs greatly from both in morphology and vocalizations. Monotypic.


Mindanao I, in S Philippines.

Descriptive notes

19 cm; c. 65 g. A small, dark, boldly marked scops-owl. Facial disc pale greyish-brown with indistinct rings; eyebrows and inner part of smallish ear tufts whitish;... read more


Song a far-carrying two-note whistle, “paww piaww”; interval between paired notes c. 0... read more


Montane rainforest, mostly above 1000 m and commonest above 1500 m elevation. Often perches high in... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Thought to feed primarily on insects.


Birds with enlarged gonads taken in Feb and Mar. Nest undescribed.


Presumably resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened, and previously, Vulnerable. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Mindanao and the Eastern... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Mindanao Highland Scops-owl (Otus mirus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).