French: Calao de Mindanao German: Mindanao-Tariktikhornvogel Spanish: Cálao chico de Mindanao
Other common names:
Mindanao Tarictic Hornbill
Subspecies and Distribution
P. a. samarensis
Steere, 1890 – Samar Hornbill – EC Philippines: Samar, Calicoan, Biliran, Leyte and Bohol.
P. a. affinis
Tweeddale, 1877 – Mindanao Hornbill – SE Philippines: Dinagat, Siargao, Bucas and Mindanao.
P. a. basilanicus
Steere, 1890 – Basilan (S Philippines).
45 cm; male 456–554 g, female 394–514 g. Small hornbill with ridged lower mandible. Male of nominate race has much of plumage creamy, with black ear-coverts... read more
A repeated, nasal “tuc” or “ta-ruc”, often extended to “ta-ruc-tuc-tuc-tuc-tuc” (hence its... read more
Occupies primary evergreen forest, including edges of clearings and secondary forest, occurring up... read more
Food and feeding
Fruit, seeds, beetles and lizards recorded. Forages in middle and lower levels of forest, sometimes in groups of up to 12 birds.
Little known. Birds in breeding condition in Apr–May. Usually recorded in pairs or small flocks. In captivity: both sexes sealed nest... read more
Apparently sedentary and territorial.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. CITES II. Previously considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Mindanao and the Eastern Visayas EBA. Still common in... read more
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