Ripley and Rabor, 1961,
Malaybalay, Mount Katanglad, Bukidnon Province, Mindanao, Philippines.
Originally described as a species and surprisingly lumped with C. estherae subsequently; differs in its dark vs whitish eyering (prominent in all subspecies of estherae except renatae) (2); golden-yellow on forecrown (more than in other taxa), head sides, throat and breast (3); no black on throat and lack of heavy streaking on breast (3); richer yellow rump (ns); bill “remarkably stout and arched, far more so in proportion than in estherae”#R (allow 2). Monotypic.
C Mindanao (Mt Kitanglad and Mt Apo), in S Philippines.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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