Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Near Threatened

Mindoro Scops-owl (Otus mindorensis)


French: Petit-duc de Mindoro German: Mindoro-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de Mindoro

Scops mindorensis

J. Whitehead

, 1899,

highlands of Mindoro, Philippines


Relationships uncertain, but resembles some taxa of O. mantananensis. Formerly treated as race of O. scops or O. sunia, but very different from both in morphology. Birds in W Mindoro lowlands recently attributed to this species, but differing vocally from other populations, now shown to belong to Ninox mindorensis. Monotypic.


Mindoro, in NC Philippines.

Descriptive notes

18–19 cm; no data on body mass. Small scops-owl (wing length 133–136 mm); overall plumage dull buffish-brown and finely marked; ear tufts of moderate length and... read more


Male’s call a soft “po-wo” or “wo-wo”, each phrase lasting c. 0... read more


Poorly known. Has been documented in montane, closed-canopy forest at c. 900–1450 m elevation... read more

Food and feeding

Probably mostly insects, but no published quantitative information.


Type specimen, collected in Jan 1896, had well-developed eggs; other specimens with well-developed gonads in Jan and May. Nest and eggs... read more


Presumably resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened, and previously, Vulnerable. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Mindoro EBA. Global population... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Mindoro Scops-owl (Otus mindorensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).