Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Minute Hermit (Phaethornis idaliae)


French: Ermite d’Idalie German: Schiller-Zwergschattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño pigmeo

Trochilus Idaliae

Bourcier and Mulsant

, 1856,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


One of the small hermits sometimes separated in genus Pygmornis. Often lumped with P. longuemareus but sexual dimorphism and other morphological characters indicate they should be treated as two species. Monotypic.


SE Brazil (SE Bahia S to Rio de Janeiro).

Descriptive notes

8·4–9·2 cm; 1·8–2·7 g. Very small, sexually dimorphic hermit with pointed central rectrices and dark green iridescent upperparts. Male... read more


Song a high-pitched phrase c. 3 seconds long, repeated incessantly. It typically consists of a high... read more


Understorey of primary or only slightly disturbed littoral forest, forest edge, old secondary... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar and small arthropods, including Araneae, with vegetable matter also recorded in stomach contents. Feeds by trap-lining.


Oct–Feb. Nest similar to P. longuemareus; two eggs, size 8 mm × 13 mm, mass 0·32 g; incubation by female, at... read more


No information available. Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. Confined to a vulnerable rainforest habitat, further destruction of... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Minute Hermit (Phaethornis idaliae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).