Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Minute Hermit (Phaethornis idaliae)


Taxonomy

French: Ermite d’Idalie German: Schiller-Zwergschattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño pigmeo
Taxonomy:

Trochilus Idaliae

Bourcier and Mulsant

, 1856,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

.

One of the small hermits sometimes separated in genus Pygmornis. Often lumped with P. longuemareus but sexual dimorphism and other morphological characters indicate they should be treated as two species. Monotypic.

Distribution:

SE Brazil (SE Bahia S to Rio de Janeiro).

Descriptive notes

8·4–9·2 cm; 1·8–2·7 g. Very small, sexually dimorphic hermit with pointed central rectrices and dark green iridescent upperparts. Male... read more

Voice

Song a high-pitched phrase c. 3 seconds long, repeated incessantly. It typically consists of a high... read more

Habitat

Understorey of primary or only slightly disturbed littoral forest, forest edge, old secondary... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar and small arthropods, including Araneae, with vegetable matter also recorded in stomach contents. Feeds by trap-lining.

Breeding

Oct–Feb. Nest similar to P. longuemareus; two eggs, size 8 mm × 13 mm, mass 0·32 g; incubation by female, at... read more

Movements

No information available. Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. Confined to a vulnerable rainforest habitat, further destruction of... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Minute Hermit (Phaethornis idaliae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55373 on 24 June 2019).