French: Milan du Mississippi German: Mississippiweih Spanish: Elanio del Misisipi
[sic] A. Wilson
below Natchez, Mississippi, USA
Mainly in S tier of USA, from Arizona E to Virginia and N Florida, and maybe N Mexico. Winters in South America, chiefly in Paraguay and parts of SE Bolivia, SW Brazil and NE Argentina.
31–38 cm; male 216–269 g, female 278–339 g; wingspan 75–83 cm. More like falcon than hawk, with long, pointed wings. Adult solid medium grey body with... read more
Mostly silent in migration and on wintering grounds. High-pitched downward whistle, “phee-pheew”,... read more
Habitat use in nesting season highly variable geographically. In SE USA, mature bottomland... read more
Food and feeding
Insects constitute c. 90% of food, e.g. cicadas, katydids, grasshoppers, dragonflies and beetles. Vertebrates taken are mainly amphibians,... read more
Eggs laid from early May to late Jun with peak in late May; fledging occurs from mid-Jul to mid-Aug. Nests in loose semi-colonial... read more
Long-distance Neotropical migrant; pre-migratory flocks form by early Aug on breeding grounds.... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Declined early in 20th century but on increase since latter half of century, perhaps because of habitat modifications... read more
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