Des Murs, 1849,
Mexico; error = “Santa Fe de Bogotá”, Colombia.
Apparently sister to L. leucogaster and L. affinis (with neglectus)#R#R; in past, often treated as conspecific with L. affinis (with neglectus), but separated by differences in plumage and voice (although vocal characters yet to be analysed in detail). Races can be divided into N “lacrymiger group” and S “warscewiczi group” on basis of morphology. Race sneiderni intergrades with nominate in Bogotá region of Colombia. Forms aequatorialis, carabayae, bolivianus and frigidus weakly differentiated. Nine subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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