Family Bush-shrikes (Malaconotidae)

Near Threatened

Monteiro's Bush-shrike (Malaconotus monteiri)


French: Gladiateur de Monteiro German: Monteirowürger Spanish: Gladiador de Monteiro

Laniarius monteiri


, 1870,

Dande River, Luanda, Angola


Has been regarded as conspecific with M. blanchoti (further study needed), and nominate race has been considered a colour morph of M. cruentus. Known in Cameroon by much larger-billed race perspicillatus, based on single specimen, which may in fact be a colour morph of M. gladiator; historical specimen from Kivu, in E DRCongo, cautiously attributed to perspicillatus; single specimen (now lost) from Kakamega, in SW Kenya, resembled both nominate race of present species and race catharoxanthus of M. blanchoti. Two subspecies provisionally recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. m. perspicillatus (Reichenow, 1894) – Mount Cameroon Bush-shrike – SW Cameroon (Mt Cameroon, and perhaps Mt Kupe#R).
  • M. m. monteiri (Sharpe, 1870) – Monteiro's Bush-shrike – NW Angola (Cuanza Norte, Cuanza Sul, possibly Huambo); possibly also extreme N Namibia.
  • Descriptive notes

    25–26·5 cm. A large bush-shrike with a very heavy, hooked bill. Nominate race has lores and small but distinct area around eye white, the white sometimes... read more


    Call of one individual duetting with M. gladiator was a mournful whistle of five notes... read more


    In Angola, inhabits montane and submontane riverine, gallery and coffee forests and secondary scrub... read more

    Food and feeding

    No information.


    No information.


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Cameroon Mountains EBA and Western Angola EBA. Very poorly known; elusive and formerly thought... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fry, H. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Monteiro's Bush-shrike (Malaconotus monteiri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2020).