Family Northern Storm-petrels (Hydrobatidae)


Monteiro's Storm-petrel (Hydrobates monteiroi)


French: Océanite de Monteiro German: Azorenwellenläufer Spanish: Paíño de Monteiro

Oceanodroma monteiroi

Bolton et al.

, 2008,

“Praya” Islet [Praia], off Graciosa, Azores


Hitherto overlooked in breeding colonies of H. castro in Azores because of similarity to that species; holotype collected in 1903. Recently found to differ vocally (in playback experiments does not respond to calls of H. castro), and also in timing of breeding (breeds in hot season, rather than in cool season) and timing of moult; further, mtDNA and microsatellite analysis reveals that the two are genetically isolated. If the name jabejabe (published in 1875) applies to this population, it would have priority; this requires investigation (see also H. castro). Monotypic.


Azores, in N Atlantic Ocean. Breeds in summer on islets of Praia and Baixo, off Graciosa. Breeding suspected also on Flores and Corvo Is, but proof is still lacking#R.

Descriptive notes

c. 19 cm; 34·5–56·1 g. A small storm-petrel with comparatively long, slightly forked tail. Plumage is mostly dark brown to blackish-brown, often washed... read more


Song from within burrow a throaty purring punctuated at regular intervals by short, sharp “... read more


Breeds on small islets. Forages over open ocean.

Food and feeding

Diet poorly known; thought to consist of small fish and squid (Teuthida).


Egg-laying late Apr/early May to early Jul (in contrast to H. castro, which lays in Oct–Dec), with fledging by early Oct.... read more


Virtually unknown. Thought to forage throughout year in local seas around Azores, in contrast to... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Azores Secondary Area. Global population estimated at 250–300 pairs in 1999. Because of its small population and low... read more

Recommended citation

Fjeldså, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Monteiro's Storm-petrel (Hydrobates monteiroi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 October 2018).