French: Cassique de Montezuma German: Montezumastirnvogel Spanish: Cacique de Moctezuma
Atlantic slope of E Mexico from San Luis Potosí and S Tamaulipas#R S to Quintana Roo, and Caribbean slope from Belize S to C Panama (Colón; rarely further E).
Male average 47·5 cm, 521 g; female average 39·2 cm, 246 g. The largest icterid, some males reaching 562 g. Has bare facial skin pale blue, conspicuous pink... read more
Loud and impressive male song starts with low-pitched gurgles, grows to a remarkable crescendo in... read more
Humid tropical forest, often in clearings and edges (particularly when breeding); also riparian... read more
Food and feeding
Insects and other arthropods, also frogs and other small vertebrates; also much fruit, and nectar of large flowers e.g. balsa (Ochroma... read more
Season Feb–Aug in Mexico (Quintana Roo) and Jan–Aug in Costa Rica. Mating system harem polygyny. Colonial breeder, 21–85... read more
Apparently sedentary; possibly some local altitudinal movements in Costa Rica and Panama.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common to uncommon. Tolerates, and may even prosper from, moderate deforestation. Found in many national parks and other protected areas.
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