Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Mosque Swallow (Cecropis senegalensis)


Taxonomy

French: Hirondelle des mosquées German: Senegalrötelschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina senegalesa
Taxonomy:

Hirundo senegalensis

Linnaeus

, 1766,

Senegal

.

Race saturatior intergrades with nominate in Sudan and with monteiri in SE Kenya (area between Nairobi and Mombasa). Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. s. senegalensis (Linnaeus, 1766) – extreme S Mauritania and Senegambia E to N Ghana, N Nigeria, N Cameroon, S Chad and S Sudan.
  • C. s. saturatior (Bannerman, 1923) – S Ghana E to S Cameroon, South Sudan and Ethiopia and S to Congo, N DRCongo, Burundi and N & S Kenya.
  • C. s. monteiri (Hartlaub, 1862) – Angola and S DRCongo E to S Kenya, S to N Namibia, N Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and extreme NE South Africa.
  • Descriptive notes

    24 cm; 38–54 g. Nominate race has glossy purple-blue or steel-blue crown and back, rufous collar which becomes very narrow on hindneck and is sometimes broken by dark... read more

    Voice

    Song is rambling mix of nasal, whining and creaking notes; calls include a nasal “nyaa... read more

    Habitat

    Grassland, savanna, bush, woodland, especially mopane woodland, clearings in forest, rivers,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet includes Hymenoptera (flying ants), termites (Isoptera), flies (Diptera). Feeds alone or in small groups, mixes with other hirundines... read more

    Breeding

    Before and during rains in W Africa, e.g. Jul–Oct and Dec in Senegambia, Jan, Apr–Jul and Oct in Ghana, May–Aug in... read more

    Movements

    Mainly resident, especially in S; partly migratory in some areas, and often present mainly in wet... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally considered to be scarce or only locally common, especially in S of range; common in some areas, e.g. Ghana, E Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Has... read more

    Recommended citation

    Turner, A. (2018). Mosque Swallow (Cecropis senegalensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57752 on 15 November 2018).