Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Mountain Parakeet (Psilopsiagon aurifrons)


French: Toui à bandeau jaune German: Zitronensittich Spanish: Catita frentidorada

Psittacus (Lathamus) aurifrons


, 1831,

New Zealand; error = Peru


Often placed in genus Bolborhynchus. In the past, race margaritae referred to as orbygnesia, but that name applies to another species (see Bolborhynchus orbygnesius, below). Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. a. robertsi Carriker, 1933 – NW Peru (Marañón Valley).
  • P. a. aurifrons (Lesson, 1831) – W Andes of C & S Peru (to Arequipa).
  • P. a. margaritae (Berlioz & Dorst, 1956) – Andes of S Peru (Puno) and CW Bolivia to N Chile (Antofagasta) and extreme NW Argentina (to N Catamarca).
  • P. a. rubrirostris (Burmeister, 1860) – Andes of NW Argentina (S Catamarca to Mendoza and Córdoba) and C Chile (Santiago).
  • Descriptive notes

    16–19 cm; 45 g. Green above from crown to wings and tail, with outer webs of flight-feathers blue; area around bill to eye yellow, extending down throat to merge into... read more


    Calls include a strident doubled or tripled “tee-teet” (reminiscent of a Grey Wagtail Motacilla... read more


    Riparian thickets, wooded and shrubby places with fog vegetation, slopes with composite brush,... read more

    Food and feeding

    In puna zone, buds and seeds of Lepidophyllum, Fabiana densa and Adesmia and other leguminous scrub,... read more


    Season Feb–Mar in NW Argentina; Oct–Dec in N Chile. Nest in burrow in dry riverbank, steep cliff or canyon, often with several... read more


    Altitudinal migrant, moving to lower levels in winter.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common to locally abundant, although race robertsi appears to remain virtually unknown. Trade is slight.

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2018). Mountain Parakeet (Psilopsiagon aurifrons). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 March 2018).