Family Plovers (Charadriidae)

Near Threatened

Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus)


French: Pluvier montagnard German: Bergregenpfeifer Spanish: Chorlito llanero

Charadrius montanus

J. K. Townsend

, 1837,

central tableland of the Rocky Mountains = near Sweetwater River, Wyoming, USA


This species, along with closely related C. asiaticus and C. veredus, sometimes placed in genus Eupoda. Monotypic.


C North America in Great Plains (S from S Alberta and SW Saskatchewan) and plateau of E Colorado S to W Texas, and in NE Mexico (Nuevo León)#R#R#R. Winters from C California to Baja California and E to S Texas and NE Mexico (Sonora to Tamaulipas S to Zacatecas and San Luís Potosí).

Descriptive notes

21–23·5 cm; male 67–124 g, female 73–132·5 g; wingspan 47 cm. Bright white forehead and supercilium, black frontal bar and black lores; never... read more


Flight call a short dry trilled “krrt” or “krreet”. On breeding grounds, a gravelly trill “... read more


Nests in disturbed upland short-grass prairie at 640–3250 m, but also on cultivated fields (... read more

Food and feeding

Grassland insects, mainly grasshoppers, also crickets, beetles and flies; recent winter study at multiple sites in California recorded... read more


Season late Apr to Jul, perhaps on average starting slightly later in NE Mexico, or season is more protracted there. At least some males... read more


Migratory, although population in Davis Mts, Texas, is speculated to be resident, and recently... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened, and previously, Vulnerable. Proposed for Endangered status (1995). Population decreasing: before 1900 species... read more

Recommended citation

Wiersma, P., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Mountain Plover (Charadrius montanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).