French: Colin des montagnes German: Bergwachtel Spanish: Colín serrano
New California = Linn Co., Oregon, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
O. p. pictus
(Douglas, 1829) – W USA coastal mountains from SW Washington S to C California; also (probably introduced) Vancouver I (SW Canada) and W Washington (NW USA).
O. p. plumifer
(Gould, 1837) – interior ranges of W USA from S Washington S to W Nevada and S California, and extreme NW Mexico (extreme N Baja California).
O. p. russelli
A. H. Miller, 1946 – Little San Bernardino Mts, in S California.
O. p. confinis
Anthony, 1889 – N Baja California, in NW Mexico.
26–28 cm; 189–290 g, with sexes apparently similar, though male averages heavier. Largest quail of North America. Long black sword-shaped crest highly distinctive... read more
Most common vocalization, the rallying call, is a far-carrying, loud ringing “kee-oh”, while the... read more
Variable, depending on population: mixed evergreen forest and chaparral; brushy oak and manzanita;... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly seeds and bulbs, but also fruits, flowers and green herbage; total of 85 species of plant recorded in diet including nuts of trees (... read more
Season Mar–Jul, occurring earlier in S, later in N, with coveys typically disbanding in Feb/Mar; peak hatching May–Jun, but... read more
Less sedentary than other related species; evidence of altitudinal migrations of more than 50 km in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Mace Lande: Safe. Overall population levels stable, probably numbering over 1,000,000 birds, with density estimates of between nine... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!