Family Trogons (Trogonidae)

Least Concern

Mountain Trogon (Trogon mexicanus)


French: Trogon montagnard German: Bronzetrogon Spanish: Trogón mexicano

Trogon Mexicanus


, 1827,

Temascáltepec, Mexico


Possibly most closely related to T. curucui, T. rufus, T. elegans (with T. ambiguus), T. collaris and T. personatus. Birds from Honduras sometimes separated as race lutescens, but apparently indistinguishable from nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. m. clarus Griscom, 1932 – NW Mexico (S Chihuahua, E Sinaloa, Durango).
  • T. m. mexicanus Swainson, 1827 – W, E & S Mexico, S Guatemala, S Honduras and N El Salvador.
  • Descriptive notes

    29–31 cm; 69 g. Male nominate race with bill yellow, orbital ring orange-red; face and throat blackish; crown, nape, upperparts, and lower throat to mid-breast green;... read more


    Song a series of 3–15 double whistles, “kyow-kyow kyow-kyow kyow-kyow”, sometimes... read more


    Inhabits middle to upper storeys of pine-oak and pine-evergreen (“cypress”) and humid... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food brought to young included green and white larvae, moths, mantises. May associate loosely with mixed-species flocks.


    Apr–Jun in Mexico, Mar–May in Guatemala. Nest in tree cavity or rotten stump, generally very low down, sometimes 0·5 m from... read more


    Largely resident; occasionally moves into lower pine-oak habitat in colder dry-season months,... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common in Mexico; found in low numbers in El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve, and in Oaxaca common (sometimes abundant) in humid pine-oak... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. (2019). Mountain Trogon (Trogon mexicanus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 July 2019).