Family Wrens (Troglodytidae)

Least Concern

Mountain Wren (Troglodytes solstitialis)


French: Troglodyte montagnard German: Andenzaunkönig Spanish: Chochín montañés

Troglodytes solstitialis

P. L. Sclater

, 1859,

Matos and Pinipi, near Riobamba, Chimborazo, Ecuador


Sometimes considered to include T. monticola, T. ochraceus, T. rufociliatus and T. rufulus as races; recent DNA work, however, strongly indicates that last three, at least, are distinct from present species. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. s. solitarius Todd, 1912 – mountains of Colombia (except extreme S) and W Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá and Andes S from S Lara).
  • T. s. solstitialis P. L. Sclater, 1859 – extreme S Colombia S to NW Peru.
  • T. s. macrourus Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1902 – E slope of Peru S from San Martín.
  • T. s. frater Sharpe, 1882 – extreme SE Peru (Puno) and Bolivia.
  • T. s. auricularis Cabanis, 1883 – NW Argentina (S to Tucumán).
  • Descriptive notes

    10·5–11·5 cm; mean 11·8g. Nominate race has reddish-brown lores, buff-brown supercilium before and behind eye, area behind eye darker brown, ear-coverts warm buff-brown... read more


    Song is rather quiet, a series of high notes, “treee-treeee-tititiki”; call, constantly given, a... read more


    Humid forest and forest edge and cloudforest, up to tree-line; sometimes in bamboo thickets. Mostly... read more

    Food and feeding

    No published data available on food items consumed. Usually in pairs or family parties; occasionally associates with other species in mixed... read more


    Season quite protracted, varying widely in different parts of range; fledglings observed in almost all months of year in Colombia, Feb... read more


    Apparently sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common or abundant in suitable habitat in much of its range. Occurs in several protected areas, e.g. Sierra Nevada National Park, in Venezuela, and... read more

    Recommended citation

    Kroodsma, D. & Brewer, D. (2019). Mountain Wren (Troglodytes solstitialis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 May 2019).