São João del Rei, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
The redefining of members of this genus in Brazilian uplands is based on comprehensive recent work and analysis of genetic population structure#R: the old “S. speluncae complex” is now considered to form three clades, centred respectively on S. novacapitalis, present species, and S. iraiensis, although last two may be linked#R; present species shares clade with S. gonzagai. Taxonomy of whole group of E Brazilian tapaculo species is confused by an apparently adaptational cline, from dark grey phenotypes with few or no barred feathers (at least in adult males) in coastal mountains to pale grey birds with heavily barred flanks in inland parts; further research required. Nomenclature disputed (see S. petrophilus, above). Monotypic.
E & SE Brazil in W Espírito Santo and S Minas Gerais S to N Rio Grande do Sul.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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