Family Petrels, Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Near Threatened

Murphy's Petrel (Pterodroma ultima)


French: Pétrel de Murphy German: Murphysturmvogel Spanish: Petrel de Murphy

Pterodroma ultima


, 1949,

Oeno Island, south Pacific




SC Pacific Ocean, breeding on Austral Is, Tuamotu, Pitcairn Is and Easter I#R.

Descriptive notes

34·5–41 cm; 335–435 g; wingspan 89–97 cm. Dark with small bill, full forebody and only weak pattern on both wing surfaces. Feathers of foreface... read more


Two principal vocalizations have been described: a soft, owl-like “hoo-hoo-hoo-hoooooooooo” or “uh-... read more


Marine and pelagic, rarely approaching land except at colonies. Breeds on rocky islets off tropical... read more

Food and feeding

Very little known, with most data based on study of 37 stomach samples, principally from mid-sized chicks on Oeno; this study found that... read more


First nests recently found on Austral Is, where incubation during Mar, and on Easter I (Chile), where eggs in Aug; elsewhere, in Pitcairns... read more


Probably disperses within tropical Pacific, from CS Pacific towards the W coast of North America,... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened, with an overall population estimated at perhaps 800,000–1,000,000 birds. Major colonies are in Pitcairn... read more

Recommended citation

Carboneras, C., Jutglar, F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Murphy's Petrel (Pterodroma ultima). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).