Family Trogons (Trogonidae)

Least Concern

Narina Trogon (Apaloderma narina)


French: Trogon narina German: Narinatrogon Spanish: Trogón de Narina

Trogon Narina


, 1815,

Knysna District, Western Cape Province, South Africa


Recent molecular data suggest that this species and A. aequatoriale are sister-taxa#R. Races arcanum and rufiventre sometimes synonymized with nominate. Six subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. n. constantia Sharpe & Ussher, 1872 – SE Senegal, SW Mali, Guinea and Sierra Leone E to Nigeria.
  • A. n. arcanum Clancey, 1959 – L Chad E to Eritrea, Ethiopia and N Somalia, and S to N fringes of equatorial forest E to N Kenya.
  • A. n. brachyurum Chapin, 1923 – S Cameroon E through N Congo Basin to Rift Valley.
  • A. n. littorale van Someren, 1931 – SW Somalia, E Kenya, E Tanzania, N Mozambique, S Malawi and Zimbabwe (Mt Selinda).
  • A. n. rufiventre A. J. C. Dubois, 1897 – S of R Congo mouth E to S Uganda, W Tanzania and N Malawi, and S to N Namibia, N Botswana, Zambia, and highlands of E Zimbabwe and adjacent Mozambique.
  • A. n. narina (Stephens, 1815) – S Western Cape (South Africa) E to S Mozambique; winters N to E Zimbabwe, Malawi and N & C Mozambique (N of R Save).
  • Descriptive notes

    30–32 cm; 51–95 g. Male of nominate race has bill yellow with pale blue flashes at base and under eye; otherwise head to middle breast and upperparts brilliant... read more


    Mainly vocalizes only during breeding season. Territorial call of male a series of (4–14)... read more


    Generally in mid-stratum of rainforest, gallery forest and savanna woodland. In W Africa in primary... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mainly insects, particularly smooth-skinned caterpillars (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Sphingidae, Charaxidae), rarely hairy ones; large... read more


    Feeding young in Apr in Ivory Coast; possibly throughout year in Gabon (young seen in Aug, Nov and Mar) and Zaire (breeding females taken... read more


    Generally sedentary in W Africa, pair remaining virtually all the time within small territory;... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Study in Kibale National Park, Uganda found species at similar densities in unlogged, lightly logged and heavily logged forest patches, while density... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Narina Trogon (Apaloderma narina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 July 2019).