Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Needle-billed Hermit (Phaethornis philippii)


French: Ermite de De Filippi German: Orangefarbener Schattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño picoaguja

Trochilus Philippii


, 1847,



In the past was sometimes placed in genus Ametrornis. Closely related to P. koepckeae, replacing it at lower elevations; related also to P. syrmatophorus. Monotypic.


E Peru, N Bolivia and W Brazil (S of Amazon to W bank of R Tapajós).

Descriptive notes

c. 12–13 cm; male 4–6 g, female 4–5·5 g. A straight-billed hermit, smaller than P. koepckeae, but very similar in coloration, with entire... read more


Song a continuous series of single, upslurred high-pitched “tsee” notes, at a rate of c. 1·5–1·8... read more


Understorey of lowland rainforest, sometimes at forest edge; occurs in terra firme, v... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar and small arthropods. Feeds by trap-lining.


Gonadal activity Jun and Jul in Peru and N Bolivia, and considered to be probably breeding in Sept in Rondônia, SW Brazil. A bird... read more


No information available.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Locally common in understorey of lowland forest especially in E Peru (e.g. Tambopata Reserve). Status of population in W Brazil is not well... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Needle-billed Hermit (Phaethornis philippii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).