French: Rufipenne de Neumann German: Neumannstar Spanish: Estornino de Neumann
Petti, northern Nigeria.
Sometimes treated as conspecific with O. morio. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
O. n. modicus
Bates, 1932 – S Mauritania, SE Senegal, NE Guinea, SW Mali, N Ivory Coast and SW Burkina Faso.
O. n. neumanni
(Alexander, 1908) – E Mali, S Niger, N & SE Nigeria, N Cameroon, E Chad and adjacent W Sudan, and W Central African Republic.
25–30 cm. Large dark starling with long, graduated tail and heavy, deep bill. Male nominate race has uniformly glossy black plumage, except for narrowly black-tipped... read more
Low whistle from perched birds and musical "too-whee-oo" from nesting pair; melodious whistles... read more
Rocky outcrops, cliffs and inselbergs within Sahel zone; also around houses along R Niger. As low... read more
Food and feeding
Diet mainly fruit, including figs (Ficus) and dates of palm Phoenix reclinata; possibly nectar of Bombax;... read more
Season Mar–Sept in Mali, Jun–Jul in Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso, Apr–May in Nigeria, Feb–Mar in Cameroon, and Jul... read more
Presumed resident; perhaps nomadic, as periodically absent from breeding areas in Cameroon, and... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally not uncommon; scarce in some areas. Wide range, but presence localized because of habitat requirements.
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