Family Buttonquails (Turnicidae)

Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)

New Caledonian Buttonquail (Turnix novaecaledoniae)


Taxonomy

French: Turnix calédonien German: Neukaledonien-Laufhühnchen Spanish: Torillo de Nueva Caledonia
Taxonomy:

Turnix novæ caledoniæ

Ogilvie-Grant

, 1889,

#R New Caledonia

.

Until recently was considered conspecific with T. varius, but recognized as very distinctive in HBW and separated in one recent list#R; unique specimen, male with no specific locality and undated, but registered in NHMUK in 1889, differs from males of T. varius in its smaller size (wing 80 mm vs 101.5 in one published sample#R; bill 14.1, tarsus 20, tail 39) (allow 3); dorsal and rump feathers mostly black vs black with rusty barring, without the rust colour predominating on the mantle, and with proportionately more black markings in wing-coverts (2); breast barred blackish-and-buff with some pale grey bases vs pale grey with buff blades with narrow blackish edges (2). Monotypic.

Distribution:

New Caledonia (probably extinct).

Descriptive notes

c. 19 cm. Compared to previously conspecific T. varius, the present species is small (one bird had wing c. 82 mm, whereas minimum wing length for race ... read more

Voice

Undescribed.

Habitat

Beyond the fact that the species inhabits grasslands, nothing is known.

Food and feeding

Diet and foraging behaviour completely unknown.

Breeding

No information.

Movements

None known; presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED (POSSIBLY EXTINCT). Restricted-range species: present in New Caledonia EBA. If species survives, population suspected to number fewer than 50... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). New Caledonian Buttonquail (Turnix novaecaledoniae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/467309 on 20 July 2019).