Family Honeyeaters (Meliphagidae)

Least Concern

New Caledonian Friarbird (Philemon diemenensis)


French: Polochion moine German: Neukaledonien-Lederkopf Spanish: Filemón de Nueva Caledonia

Tropidorhynchus diemenensis


, 1831,

“La Terre de Diémen”; error = New Caledonia




New Caledonia, I of Pines and Loyalty Is (Lifou and Maré).

Descriptive notes

27–32 cm; male 69·5–84 g, female 53–62 g. Large honeyeater with moderately long, heavy and slightly decurved bill (no protuberance at base). Head and... read more


Heard often. Variety of loud squeaks and disjointed notes. Several calls described: a descending... read more


Common in forests, but mainly in open habitats and often forages in gardens around human dwellings... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, nectar and fruit. Probes flowers for nectar, and seen to sally for insects over water; one chased a cicada (Cicadidae) with... read more


Active nests Oct–Dec and juveniles seen Dec. Nest a thick-walled woven cup, made of twigs and leaves, unlined, external diameter 12... read more


Probably sedentary.  

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restrictedrange species: present in New Caledonia EBA. Common in New Caledonia; scarce or uncommon on Lifou. No estimates of global population.... read more

Recommended citation

Higgins, P., Christidis, L. & Ford, H. (2020). New Caledonian Friarbird (Philemon diemenensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).