Family Honeyeaters (Meliphagidae)

Least Concern

New Caledonian Friarbird (Philemon diemenensis)


Taxonomy

French: Polochion moine German: Neukaledonien-Lederkopf Spanish: Filemón de Nueva Caledonia
Taxonomy:

Tropidorhynchus diemenensis

Lesson

, 1831,

“La Terre de Diémen”; error = New Caledonia

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

New Caledonia, I of Pines and Loyalty Is (Lifou and Maré).

Descriptive notes

27–32 cm; male 69·5–84 g, female 53–62 g. Large honeyeater with moderately long, heavy and slightly decurved bill (no protuberance at base). Head and... read more

Voice

Heard often. Variety of loud squeaks and disjointed notes. Several calls described: a descending... read more

Habitat

Common in forests, but mainly in open habitats and often forages in gardens around human dwellings... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, nectar and fruit. Probes flowers for nectar, and seen to sally for insects over water; one chased a cicada (Cicadidae) with... read more

Breeding

Active nests Oct–Dec and juveniles seen Dec. Nest a thick-walled woven cup, made of twigs and leaves, unlined, external diameter 12... read more

Movements

Probably sedentary.  

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restrictedrange species: present in New Caledonia EBA. Common in New Caledonia; scarce or uncommon on Lifou. No estimates of global population.... read more

Recommended citation

Higgins, P., Christidis, L. & Ford, H. (2019). New Caledonian Friarbird (Philemon diemenensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60423 on 19 August 2019).