Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Near Threatened

New Caledonian Imperial-pigeon (Ducula goliath)


French: Carpophage géant German: Riesenfruchttaube Spanish: Dúcula goliat
Other common names: Goliath Imperial-pigeon

Carpophaga (Phænorhina) goliath

G. R. Gray

, 1859,

Isle of Pines, New Caledonia


Closely related to D. latrans, D. brenchleyi and D. bakeri; this group also shows some affinities with the D. pinon species-group. Monotypic.


New Caledonia and I of Pines.

Descriptive notes

c. 50 cm; 600–716 g. Very large, dark imperial-pigeon; general plumage dark slate-grey with slight silvery bloom on neck, breast and wings; neck and breast feathers... read more


Distinctive. An owl-like, rhythmic series of low-pitched hoots, typically starting with 3–7 short... read more


Primary montane forest.

Food and feeding

Little information. Frugivorous; feeds on fruits and berries, reportedly including the introduced chili pepper (Capsicum).


Specimens taken in late Jul showed almost no gonadal enlargement, and an adult female taken in mid Dec had apparently completed nesting.... read more


No information.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened, and previously, Vulnerable. Threatened by destruction of its montane forest habitat and by hunting, which is... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). New Caledonian Imperial-pigeon (Ducula goliath). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 February 2019).