Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Near Threatened

Nicobar Bulbul (Ixos nicobariensis)


French: Bulbul des Nicobar German: Nikobarenbülbül Spanish: Bulbul de Nicobar

Hypsipetes nicobariensis

F. Moore

, 1854,

Nicobar Islands


Has been treated as race of Hypsipetes madagascariensis (along with other Asian forms now grouped under H. leucocephalus and H. ganeesa). Detailed study required to clarify its true affinities with members of both genera. Originally named Ixocincla virescens but when species was placed in Hypsipetes that specific epithet was preoccupied; replaced before 1961, and so permanently invalid. Monotypic.


Nancowry island group (including Camorta, Trinkat, Nancowry, Katchall, Teressa, Bompoka and Tillanchong), in C Nicobar Is.

Descriptive notes

20–22 cm. Plain, dull, olive bulbul with rather thick and long bill, slightly elongated crown feathers often raised into a crest. Crown is sooty brown or blackish-brown... read more


Chattering voice apparently recalling that of Hypsipetes leucocephalus; noisy, especially... read more


Primarily forest; also at forest edges and in secondary growth, gardens and plantations, including... read more

Food and feeding

No information on diet. Usually in pairs or in small parties of 5–6 individuals; loose aggregations of up to 100 sometimes gather in... read more


Evidently breeds early in year, as very young birds found in Feb. No other information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened, and previously, Vulnerable. Restricted-range species: present in Nicobar Islands EBA. Formerly common; now... read more

Recommended citation

Fishpool, L. & Tobias, J. (2019). Nicobar Bulbul (Ixos nicobariensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 June 2019).