Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Near Threatened

Nicobar Pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica)


Taxonomy

French: Nicobar à camail German: Kragentaube Spanish: Paloma de Nicobar
Taxonomy:

Columba nicobarica

Linnaeus

, 1758,

Nicobar Islands

.

Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. n. nicobarica (Linnaeus, 1758) – Andaman and Nicobar Is, Mergui Archipelago, small islands off Malay Peninsula, Cambodia and S Vietnam S through Indonesia and Philippines to islands off New Guinea and Solomon Is.
  • C. n. pelewensis Finsch, 1875 – Palau Is.
  • Descriptive notes

    32–38 cm; male 460–525 g, female 490–600 g. Stocky and dark, with unique long fowl-like hackles on the neck and a very short all-white tail; head and hairy... read more

    Voice

    Often silent, but for occasional harsh guttural croaks or barking sounds, rendered “ku-RRAU”, soft... read more

    Habitat

    Occurs only on small wooded (and often uninhabited) islands, typically off larger landmasses with... read more

    Food and feeding

    The feeding ecology of this species is focused on so-called pigeon islands: small, offshore islands where imperial pigeons flock in... read more

    Breeding

    Season apparently prolonged; on Tench I (Bismarck Archipelago), pairs gather to nest in Jun, with some birds remaining on nests until Jan;... read more

    Movements

    Highly nomadic, with recent (Nov 2009) record, apparently pertaining to nominate race, from Pohnpei... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES I. Currently considered Near Threatened. Formerly classed as a threatened species. Colonial nesting habits make species vulnerable to... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Kirwan, G.M. (2017). Nicobar Pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54257 on 17 December 2017).