Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Critically Endangered

Nihoa Finch (Telespiza ultima)


French: Psittirostre de Nihoa German: Nihoakleidervogel Spanish: Palila de Nihoa

Telespiza ultima


, 1917,

Nihoa Island


Formerly considered conspecific with T. cantans. Monotypic.


Nihoa, in NW Hawaiian Is.

Descriptive notes

17 cm; 21–28 g (in captivity). A medium-sized finch with proportionally smaller bill than T. cantans, lacking hook at tip. Male is yellow on head and breast,... read more


Call a whistled "teu-eee" or "chewee-teu-eee" and a shorter "chidit... read more


Shrubby vegetation dominated by aweoweo (Chenopodium oahuense), popolo (Solanum... read more

Food and feeding

Omnivorous. Eats insects, leaves, flowers and fruits of aweoweo, unripe seeds of endemic ihi (Portulaca villosa), seeds and leaf... read more


Nesting season in first half of year, peak not determined. Monogamous, but no information on duration of pair-bond. Male courtship display... read more



Status and conservation

CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Restricted-range species: present in Nihoa Secondary Area. Has tiny global range, confined to a single island of c. 63 ha in extent, and estimated... read more

Recommended citation

Pratt, D. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Nihoa Finch (Telespiza ultima). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).