Family Pipits and Wagtails (Motacillidae)


Nilgiri Pipit (Anthus nilghiriensis)


French: Pipit des Nilgiri German: Nilgiripieper Spanish: Bisbita de los Nilgiri

Anthus nilghiriensis


, 1885,

Nilgiri Hills, southern India


Initially named as A. rufescens, but that name invalid. Monotypic.


Western Ghats in S Karnataka, Kerala and W Tamil Nadu, in extreme SW India.

Descriptive notes

17–17·5 cm. Richly coloured pipit with heavy streaking. Has broad deep buff to whitish supercilium, darker buff ear-coverts, sometimes some dark spots in malar... read more


Song, usually from ground, feeble, initially quiet and hesitant, accelerating into trill, “... read more


Upland grassland, open grassy and rocky areas on tops of hills; favours short grass. Also in coffee... read more

Food and feeding

Small invertebrates. Forages on ground, in short grass; when disturbed, flies to nearest bush or tree.


Season end Mar/early Apr to Jul. Nest a shallow cup of coarse grass and roots, lined with finer grass, sometimes hair and stems, built... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Western Ghats EBA. Locally fairly common to common in Nilgiri Hills, Palni... read more

Recommended citation

Tyler, S. (2020). Nilgiri Pipit (Anthus nilghiriensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).