Norfolk Island, in Tasman Sea.
Sister to G. igata, based on DNA data#R. In past, these two (together with extinct †G. insularis of Lord Howe I) were considered conspecific, a treatment recently resurrected by some authors#R. However, here maintained separate, as present species differs from igata in its longer bill (effect size based on published data#R, although n=6 for G. modesta, 2.42; score 2); subterminally darker tail with reduced white spotting (2); and, on basis of descriptions and only two recordings of modesta, a different, more “nervous” song, with more frequent drops and rises in frequency (2) and a loud abrupt vs gently fading finish (2). Monotypic.
Norfolk I (including vegetated N islets), E of Australia.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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