Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)


Noronha Elaenia (Elaenia ridleyana)


French: Élénie de Noronha German: Noronha-Olivtyrann Spanish: Fiofío de Noronha

Elainea [sic] ridleyana


, 1888,

Fernando de Noronha, off Pernambuco, Brazil


Has been treated as a race of E. spectabilis or of E. chiriquensis, but differs significantly from both in vocalizations. Monotypic.


Fernando de Noronha Archipelago (main island and Rata I), off coast of NE Brazil (Pernambuco).

Descriptive notes

17 cm. Large elaenia with slight crested appearance. Head is mostly olive-brown, little or no white coronal patch; upperparts uniform dark greyish-olive, wings and tail dusky... read more


Calls vary, but gives repeated “thiu-thiu-thiu” and “uuu uuu uuu”.


Dry woodland, open forest, scrub, and thickets around houses.

Food and feeding

Insects; also small fruits, especially of Ficus noronhae. Little known. Perches upright; behaviour apparently similar to that of... read more


Jun–Aug. Nest a neat cup 8 cm across, made of tendrils of Cucurbitaceae and a few fine twigs, lined thickly with woolly down of seeds... read more



Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Fernando de Noronha EBA. Uncommon. Present on the main island and on Rata (the largest associated islet), giving global range... read more

Recommended citation

Hosner, P. (2019). Noronha Elaenia (Elaenia ridleyana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).