Family Vireos (Vireonidae)

Near Threatened

Noronha Vireo (Vireo gracilirostris)


French: Viréo de Noronha German: Schmalschnabelvireo Spanish: Vireo de Noronha

Vireo gracilirostris


, 1890,

Fernando de Noronha, Brazil


Often treated as conspecific with V. olivaceus (which see). Monotypic.


Island of Fernando de Noronha, off NE Brazil.

Descriptive notes

14 cm; 11·5-25·1 g. Crown and upperparts dingy greyish-olive, becoming more greenish on lower back, rump and tail; brownish lores, buffy supercilium; primaries... read more


Song a melodious "weet a weet, chewegoo, whit, whit". Calls include "tschrrr",... read more


Forest and shrub, including fig trees (Ficus), gardens and second growth.

Food and feeding

Food items identified in stomach contents include beetles (Coleoptera), Hymenoptera, Orthoptera, caddies flies (Trichoptera), probably also... read more


Appears to have protracted breeding season; on basis of gonadal data on specimens, nesting probably occurs in May or Jun, but other... read more


Sedentary; one marked adult was subsequently seen only 500 m from site where ringed.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted range species: present in Fernando de Noroña EBA. Has tiny global range of just 18·4 km2, and... read more

Recommended citation

Brewer, D. (2019). Noronha Vireo (Vireo gracilirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 April 2019).