Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)


North Philippine Hawk-eagle (Nisaetus philippensis)


French: Aigle des Philippines German: Luzonhaubenadler Spanish: Águila filipina
Other common names: Philippine Hawk-eagle, Luzon Hawk Eagle

Spizaetus Philippensis


, 1863,



Traditionally thought to form a species-group with N. nipalensis, N. bartelsi, N. alboniger (with N. nanus) and N. lanceolatus. Recent genetic data, however, suggested that present species and N. lanceolatus are closer to N. cirrhatus#R. Until recently, N Philippine populations considered inseparable from C & S ones, but recently described form pinskeri (see below) now recognized as full species. Monotypic.


N Philippine Is (Luzon; probably this species on Mindoro).

Descriptive notes

56–69 cm; female 1168–1280 g (n = 2 ); wingspan 105–125 cm. Typical hawk-eagle with long (8 cm) crest, largely dark upperparts, grey-brown tail... read more


Gives shrill “yiep-yiep” or similar, which is quite different from rising, four-... read more


Forest in lowlands and foothills mostly to 1050 m (on Luzon), including selectively logged areas,... read more

Food and feeding

No information available. Presumably similar to other members of genus, taking large birds and some mammals. Has predilection for concealed... read more


No information available, although birds with enlarged gonads reported in Jan and aerial display (undescribed) reported in late Mar.


Apparently sedentary, although inter-island movements by immatures possible and unconfirmed reports... read more

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. CITES II. Formerly considered Vulnerable, when lumped with N. pinskeri. Population estimated at 400–600 mature individuals. Since 1980, there... read more

Recommended citation

Clark, W.S. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). North Philippine Hawk-eagle (Nisaetus philippensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).