Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Northern Citrine Warbler (Myiothlypis luteoviridis)


French: Paruline citrine German: Bonapartewaldsänger Spanish: Reinita citrina norteña

Trichas luteoviridis


, 1845,

Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia


Usually thought to be closely related to M. signata and M. nigrocristata, but one genetic study recovered M. basilica as its nearest relative#R. Hitherto treated as conspecific with M. striaticeps and M. euophrys. Race richardsoni sometimes treated as a separate species, but linked to nominate by intermediate race quindiana. A specimen from Colombia (at 3400 m) may involve an additional, undescribed, race, apparently resembling nominate, but has also been postulated to represent an undescribed race of M. signata, although occurrence of latter species in Colombia was recently deemed implausible#R. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. l. richardsoni (Chapman, 1912) – Western Citrine Warbler – Pacific slope of W Andes of Colombia.
  • M. l. quindiana (Meyer de Schauensee, 1946) – C Andes of Colombia.
  • M. l. luteoviridis (Bonaparte, 1845) – Northern Citrine Warbler – E Andes from SW Venezuela (Mérida) S to Ecuador and N Peru (Cajamarca).
  • Descriptive notes

    14 cm; 13–19·5 g (nominate), 12·8–16·6 g (richardsoni). Nominate race has crown, nape, ear-coverts and upperparts olive-green,... read more


    Song a long, pulsating trill with a few clearer introductory notes, rising and falling erratically... read more


    Humid montane forest and forest edge where dense understorey present; mainly at 2300–3400 m,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Probably feeds mainly, if not entirely, on invertebrates. Forages primarily by gleaning at low to middle levels, mainly 2–5 m up and... read more


    Birds in breeding condition birds in Colombia in Sept and Oct, and recently fledged young seen in Colombia in Feb (Cauca), Jul (Nariño) and... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common throughout its range, although only locally abundant in C & E Andes of Colombia, being apparently absent from... read more

    Recommended citation

    Curson, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Northern Citrine Warbler (Myiothlypis luteoviridis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).