Family Petrels, Shearwaters (Procellariidae)

Least Concern

Northern Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis)


Taxonomy

French: Fulmar boréal German: Eissturmvogel Spanish: Fulmar boreal
Taxonomy:

Procellaria glacialis

Linnaeus

, 1761,

within the Arctic Circle = Spitsbergen

.

Closely related to F. glacialoides. Validity of race auduboni has often been questioned. Birds from N Greenland sometimes considered to represent separate race, minor, but size variation of species is clinal. Three subspecies normally recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • F. g. glacialis (Linnaeus, 1761) – high Arctic of N Atlantic Ocean, from NE Canada and N Greenland E to Svalbard, Bear I and Franz Josef Land.
  • F. g. auduboni Bonaparte, 1857 – low Arctic and boreal zones of N Atlantic, from SE Canada (Newfoundland) and W & SE Greenland E to Jan Mayen and Iceland, and W & N Europe E to Novaya Zemlya.
  • F. g. rodgersii Cassin, 1862 – N Pacific Ocean, from Wrangel I, E Siberia (S to Kamchatka and Kuril Is) and St Lawrence I E to Pribilofs, Aleutians and S Alaska.
  • Descriptive notes

    45–50 cm; male 730–1050 g, female 535–855 g (nominate), male 689–957 g, female 661–760 g (auduboni); wingspan 102–112 cm.... read more

    Voice

    Highly variable cackling calls in antagonistic interactions have been variously likened to “like... read more

    Habitat

    Marine, mostly in waters over continental shelf; ranges from pack ice through Arctic and subarctic... read more

    Food and feeding

    Variable quantities of fish (e.g., capelin Mallotus villosus, Norway pout Trisopterus esmarkii, whiting Merlangius... read more

    Breeding

    Starts May, but colonies at lower latitudes are scarcely ever empty, being occupied in all months except Aug–Oct (when birds are... read more

    Movements

    N populations migratory, retreating S as sea freezes over, and mostly absent Nov–Feb (though... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population c. 7,000,000 pairs and 20,000,000 individuals, with following national or regional totals reported: c. 1,000,000... read more

    Recommended citation

    Carboneras, C., Jutglar, F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Northern Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/52514 on 24 September 2018).