French: Fulmar boréal German: Eissturmvogel Spanish: Fulmar boreal
within the Arctic Circle = Spitsbergen
Subspecies and Distribution
F. g. glacialis
(Linnaeus, 1761) – high Arctic of N Atlantic Ocean, from NE Canada and N Greenland E to Svalbard, Bear I and Franz Josef Land.
F. g. auduboni
Bonaparte, 1857 – low Arctic and boreal zones of N Atlantic, from SE Canada (Newfoundland) and W & SE Greenland E to Jan Mayen and Iceland, and W & N Europe E to Novaya Zemlya.
F. g. rodgersii
Cassin, 1862 – N Pacific Ocean, from Wrangel I, E Siberia (S to Kamchatka and Kuril Is) and St Lawrence I E to Pribilofs, Aleutians and S Alaska.
45–50 cm; male 730–1050 g, female 535–855 g (nominate), male 689–957 g, female 661–760 g (auduboni); wingspan 102–112 cm.... read more
Highly variable cackling calls in antagonistic interactions have been variously likened to “like... read more
Marine, mostly in waters over continental shelf; ranges from pack ice through Arctic and subarctic... read more
Food and feeding
Variable quantities of fish (e.g., capelin Mallotus villosus, Norway pout Trisopterus esmarkii, whiting Merlangius... read more
Starts May, but colonies at lower latitudes are scarcely ever empty, being occupied in all months except Aug–Oct (when birds are... read more
N populations migratory, retreating S as sea freezes over, and mostly absent Nov–Feb (though... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population c. 7,000,000 pairs and 20,000,000 individuals, with following national or regional totals reported: c. 1,000,000... read more
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